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1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
In Kenya when girls are forced into marriage without their consent, their chances for learning and planning for their future is limited. They go through violence from their spouses and they are exposed to HIV/AIDS, early unwanted sexual contact, sexually transmitted infections as well as unplanned and unintended pregnancies at their tender age. Their lives turn in to sorrow and they live in denial and depression.
There are various causes associated with early and forced marriage in Kenya this includes socioeconomic factors which cause young girls to be married off by their parents. Gender discrimination causes preference whereby boys are given chances to school and girls to be married, another significant cause is traditional beliefs and customs. Marriage Bill in Kenya outlaws under 18years of age marriages and such persons should not be engaged. Most African countries including Kenya are a signatory of African children charter that prevents children and forced marriages.
Education is a key way that could help in bringing a solution to this situation and in the development of each child. Community and family mobilization aimed to change behavior and attitude towards forced marriage through media and open campaigns is also a key solution. Provision of free and open access to health care services for the youth and adolescent together with economic assistance can also lessen this burden to the young girls and their families. Policies and law establishment plans can also be put in place to end childhood forced marriages.
1.3 STUDY OBJECTIVES.
1.3.1 General objective
The general objective of this study is to determine the philosophical solutions to the rampant forced marriages in Kenya.
1.3.2 Specific objectives
1. To assess the major causes of early forced marriages in Kenya.
2. To determine the effects of forced marriages to the girls.
3. To evaluate key strategies which can be applied to overcome forced marriages in Kenya.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What are the major causes of early forced marriage in Kenya?
2. What are the effects of the forced marriages to the girls?
3. What strategies can be applied aiming at overcoming the phenomenon of rampant forced marriages in Kenya?
1.5 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY
The study was projected to provide information of paramount importance to a variety of stakeholders in the health and education sectors. They include but are not limited to the public and private policymakers, both at the National and county government on the factors causing the rampant forced marriages in Kenya. Early childhood marriages have been shown to be common in some communities and it’s related to lack of schooling because of increased dropout rates and low-quality life for this poor girls. The gained information from this study should allow in the formulation of intervention measures and policies to solve the issue. The study also prompts more studies to be carried out by scholars due to gaps found and more literature on early forced marriages will be available.