Article Critique 1
Article Critique 1
The “Antidepressant-associated mood-switching and transition from unipolar major depression to bipolar disorder: A review,” is an article differentiating the bipolar disorder and the unipolar major depression (Baldessarini et al 2013). From the information analyzed, antidepressant treatment was attributed to mixed states in about 8 percent of the patients who were diagnosed with unipolar major depressive disorder. Juvenile children have also a high risk of having mood switches when prescribed to antidepressants compared to adults (Baldessarini et al 2013). This essay will review this article by analyzing different aspects of the article.
What Did You Think Of The Article? What Interesting Questions Did The Article Raise For You?
The article was very educational by providing important information on bipolar and unipolar depression disorders. After a review of the article, one important thing that surprised me was the collection of patient data from computerized databases, using evidence based sources, which had data from 1966 to 2012 (Baldessarini et al 2013). It is also interesting to realize that juvenile patients have an increased risk of switching moods, as they are more likely to be treated with stimulants and antidepressants. These medications are meant to address the unipolar disorder, which must be effectively diagnosed (Baldessarini et al 2013).
It is surprising to see young kids being prescribed to medications without a proper diagnosis. These drugs may negatively impact the individuals health as well as future diagnosis process due to alterations of the drugs on the individual’s body system (Baldessarini et al 2013). Some of the questions, which arose after reviewing the article, include why juveniles have an increased rate of having mood switches when prescribed to antidepressants compared to adults (Baldessarini et al 2013).
How Did The Article Relate To Topics Presented In The Textbook?
The article analyzed topics concerning unipolar and bipolar disorders where the article presented differences between the two mental disorders. Information in this article also involved the treatment procedures to address these disorders, which include the use of antidepressants (Comer, 2018). Comer describes different mood disorders and their prevalence in different regions and individuals with an analysis of the symptoms as well as the treatment procedures involved in addressing the disorders (Comer, 2018). Bipolar and unipolar depression disorders are psychological disorders, which affect the mind functions as well as the behavior of individuals, which a common aspect addressed in most of the topics in the Abnormal psychology book by Comer (Comer, 2018). This article has provided an in-depth understanding on psychological disorders, which is important in providing information to students, healthcare practitioners, as well as other individuals in helping them in understanding the different aspects surrounding these disorders (Baldessarini et al 2013).
What Implications Does The Article Have For The Field Of Psychology And For Society At Large?
The field of psychology is important in helping different individuals who may include healthcare practitioners specialized in mental aspects and students to understand the human mental processes, which influence the thoughts and behaviors of individuals (Kalat, 2016). This article has provided important information about unipolar and bipolar disorders, which impact the mental functioning of individuals (Kalat, 2016). This is important as it helps healthcare practitioners and other professionals involved in psychology to understand how these depression disorders relate with each other (Kalat, 2016). Understanding these mental health disorders will benefit the society in effectively implementing successful approaches to address and improve the mental health of individuals suffering from these disorders. This is important in the psychology field, which has the same goal of identifying and treating mental disorders effectively (Kalat, 2016).
Should People With Bipolar Disorder Be Encouraged To Seek Treatment, Even If They Do Not Desire Treatment?
Most of the individuals with bipolar disorder do not seek medical treatment due to different reasons, which include denial while others may not realize that they have a problem, which requires medical treatment (Comer, 2018). It is important to encourage people with bipolar disorder to seek treatment since this disorder may negatively impact their life in different ways which include ruined relationships with other family members and close relatives (Comer, 2018). This makes it a major concern for those close to the individuals to talk to them about seeking medical treatment. Without the encouragement from other individuals, it may be difficult for the individuals to realize that they have a mental issue, which may worsen their mental health status (Comer, 2018). Encouraging the individuals to seek medical help is an act of love and support to the individuals as this will positively impact the individuals as well as improve their mental health status (Comer, 2018).
Compare and Contrast the Symptoms and Treatments of Unipolar Depression and Bipolar Depression
It is important for individuals to realize the differences between unipolar and bipolar depression disorders, as this is necessary when making a diagnosis as well as implementing treatment interventions (Galvão et al., 2013). Mania is a common symptom in both disorders, which is an elevated mood, which may lead to an increased sexual drive, increased irritability, and negative social behavior (Galvão et al., 2013). Symptoms of bipolar depression disorder include low moods, as well as high moods, which may lead to sleeping problems and impulsive behaviors, which may put the individuals at a risk of developing other serious health issues (Galvão et al., 2013).
If bipolar disorder is not treated at an early stage, it becomes more difficult to treat which increases the risk of the patient in bearing the negative effects associated with the disorder. Bipolar disorder is treated through medications as well as psychotherapy, which may be used for a long time to effectively address this disorder (Galvão et al., 2013).
Symptoms of unipolar depression include continuous feelings of sadness and loss of interest in certain things. Individuals may also experience a loss of appetite, feelings of hopelessness, concentration problems, suicidal thoughts, and sleeping problems. This disorder can be treated by the use of antidepressants (Galvão et al., 2013).
Baldessarini, R., Faedda, G., Offidani, E., H Vá Zquez, G., Marangoni, C., Serra, G. ; Tondo, L. (2013). Antidepressant-associated mood-switching and transition from unipolar major depression to bipolar disorder: A review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 148, (1), 129-135.
Comer, R. J. (2018). Abnormal psychology (10th ed.) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.
Galvão, F., Sportiche, S., Lambert, J., Amiez, M., Musa, C., Nieto, I., ; Lepine, J. (2013). Clinical Differences between Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Interest of BDRS (Bipolar Depression Rating Scale), Comprehensive Psychiatry 54(6), 605-610.
Kalat, J. W. (2016). Introduction to psychology. Australia: Wadsworth.