Beneath the calm exterior of every person lies a constant raging battle that has the ability to consume a person

Beneath the calm exterior of every person lies a constant raging battle that has the ability to consume a person. The battle is one of the minds, which is in a conflict of itself. There are three divisions of the mind; id, ego and also superego. These divisions are however not structural parts of the brain but are the aspects of the way our mind thinks. This concept discovered by Sigmund Freud is believed that the three divisions are constantly battling for control of the mind, known as the dynamic model. These revolutionary ideas have set the standard for modern psychoanalysis that students can learn from. Freud’s theories are illustrated in William Golding’s novel The Lord of the flies where control of a deserted island is fought over by three young boys each representing a division of the mind.
According to Freud’s model of the psychological being of the mind, the id is the primitive and instinctual part of the mind. It contains the sexual and aggressive drives and hidden memories. The super-ego, however, operates on the moral consciences; meaning that it is the inner sense of what is right versus what is wrong. For example, in Lord of the flies, we analyze that Piggy’s character is much like the super-ego because of the fact that, Piggy has to analyze what is the right and wrong way of surviving on the island together. However, he is often dismissed because the boys do not see the dangers of surviving this deserted island. Based on this, the boys are acting like savages and carefree because they are alone on the island that is ‘adult free’ meaning that they can do whatever they want. Furthermore, the ego is the realistic part of the mind that mediates between the desires of the id and superego. The ego, in this case, would be Ralph, out of all the boys on the island, Ralph uses precise thinking and leadership to help the group stay alive, we see this when the boys hold an ‘election’ to see who would lead the boys on the island. He uses strategic planning to help guide everyone to where they would all leave the island together, he also makes sure everything is in order. Even though he is frightened, he assures the younger boys that everything will be okay.
By the same token, each aspect part of the personality comprises unique features from one another, they interact to form a whole whereas each part makes a relative contribution to the overall behavior. The id in Lord of the flies would be Jack, due to the fact that he relies more on the human aggressive instinct rather than logical thinking. Based on Freud’s pleasure principle, Which is the idea that every wishful impulse should be satisfied immediately regardless of the consequences. We can see this when Jack kills Piggy because he thought that Piggy was the beast that he was talking about, when he saw it on top of the mountain, in this situation Jack uses his instinct rather than logical thinking who it was in the darkness. Another example of this behavior would be when Ralph was trying to get everyone to build a signal fire, however, Jack shows no interest in the signal fire and instead spends his time hunting. He thrives under control, he also does not support the rules established and tries to be a totalitarian leader. Numerous times throughout the novel, he attempts to turn the boys against Ralph. “Bullocks to the rules! We’re strong – we hunt! If there’s a beast, we’ll hunt it down! We’ll close in and beat and beat and beat-!” (Golding 79). He controls the boy’s, kills, animals, and aids in the killing of Simon and Piggy. Ultimately overpowers Piggy and Simon by aiding and abetting their deaths, much like an id can overpower the super-ego.
Furthermore, the ego, like Ralph, referees between the instinctual needs of the id and the societal needs to the superego, the ego is the only facet of the mind that interacts with both the conscious and unconscious. He consistently acts as the democratic figure that tries to keep the id and the superego under control, his duty as ‘chief’ is to keep the boys as a civilized society on the island. Like the ego, Ralph has to look at different situations and determine what is the best option to take at the moment. Golding puts Ralph into situations where he must choose between pleasing Jack or doing what Piggy suggests is best. Ralph is the ultimate balance between good and evil, as the ego he perfectly portrays how the ego must always balance the id and superego. Jack’s selfish desires for hunting and control epitomizes the id’s constant need to seek pleasure. Although Ralph eventually succumbs to the primitive desires that Jack embodies, giving in to the pleasure of hunting and later falling down Jack’s path when he aids in killing Simon. Immediately regretting this and remembering what Simon taught him he tries to listen to his moral compass.