CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction According to Medina

CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Introduction
According to Medina (2000) Solid Waste Management is a materials generated from the result of human daily activities resulting from areas such as household, public places and city streets, shops, offices and hospitals. These wastes have frequently been the responsibility of government authorities for collection, transportation and later disposal. In addition waste from industrial sectors have usually nor been considered municipal however should not be underestimated when dealing with the solid waste in general because in most cases they all end up in the same municipal solid waste stream. Moreover, municipal solid waste in developing countries is composed of wastes from household refuse, institutional wastes, commercial wastes, streets sweepings and remains from various construction works.
According to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal of 1989, Art. 2(1), “‘Wastes’ are substance or objects, which are disposed of or are intended to be disposed of or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of national law”.
Waste mismanagement has serious environmental effects making the passage of the Republic Act (RA) 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 a landmark environmental legislation in the Philippines. The law was crafted in response to the increasing number of garbage problems in the country. RA 9003 declares the policy of the state in adopting a systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program that ensures the protection of public health and the environment and the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through the formulation and adoption of best environmental practices. Moreover, it illustrates the potentials and benefits of recycling not only in addressing waste management problems but also in alleviating poverty.
Malolos, officially the City of Malolos, is a first class highly urbanized component city in the Philippines. It is considered as the 115th city in the country. It is the capital of the Province of Bulacan as the seat of the provincial government. Northville 8 is one of the barangay in the City of Malolos. (Website of City of Malolos, Bulacan). Northville 8 is a resettlement area for the displaced families (malolos rail) in the PNR owned properties. Northville 8 Santor Site composed of 2,990 in their population from Block 14-38. (Website from Wikimapia).
Like other places, the said community is facing the same problem which is the increasing number of waste in their community. The SWM of Northville 8 needs to assess in terms of their effectiveness to have a intervention proposal on the said place.
According to United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. These 17 Goals build on the successes of the Millennium Development Goals, while including new areas such as climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable consumption, peace and justice, among other priorities. The goals are interconnected often the key to success on one will involve tackling issues more commonly associated with another. UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner said. “The Agenda offers a unique opportunity to put the whole world on a more prosperous and sustainable development path. In many ways, it reflects what UNDP was created for.”
According to the SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), The efficient management of our shared natural resources, and the way we dispose of toxic waste and pollutants, are important targets to achieve the goa. Encouraging industries, businesses and consumers to recycle and reduce waste us equally important, as is supporting developing countries to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption by 2030.
Green Antz Builders is an innovative provider of building and housing solutions that integrates eco-friendly practices and green technologies in its products and services. It started as an advocacy in 2012 – the focus then was to convert plastic wastes to construction products. Eventually, it evolved to what it is now: a company which promotes practices and technologies that will protect the environment. It views waste as a valuable resource that can be converted to green products. This is deeply ingrained in its operations. While developing innovative products for the construction industry through strategic partnership with responsible companies.
The vision of Green Antz Builder is to be recognized as an innovative provider of environment-friendly products and solutions for the construction industry. To be a responsible corporate citizen that complies with all laws and regulation. To be a leading driver of social value through impactful initiatives on green sustainability, poverty alleviation and improving the access to shelter and classroom and the mission is to create sustainable and environmentally responsible communities.
This research focuses on the level of effectiveness of introducing Green Antz Eco-Bricks towards the SWM of Northville 8 Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan.
Statement of the Problem
The general problem of the study is: What is the Effects of Household Segregation in Generating Raw Materials in Eco-Brick Production in Northville 8, Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan?
Specifically it sought to answer the following question:
1. What is the current status implementation of SWM in Northville 8 Santor Site in terms of:
1.1 Awareness of the respondents towards the SWM.
1.2 Satisfaction of the respondents towards the SWM.
2. What is the level of awareness of the residence of the Northville 8 towards the use of Eco-bricks as a recycling method?
3. What are the effects of introducing Green Antz Eco-Bricks towards the SWM problem of Northville 8 Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan?
4. What other government intervention can be produced in SWM problem of Northville 8 Santor Site?
Significance of the Study
The findings of this study will be useful to the following:
Environment. Our Mother Earth would be benefit from this study only because this study are expected to lessen the number of waste produced by the whole community especially the plastic waste produced by the community of Northville 8 Santor Site, City of Malolos.
Barangay Santor, City of Malolos. As a leading sector, this study will help the government to lessen their problem in terms of plastic waste of the community. This would be a great help to them because the Barangay Santor would be recognize as a eco-friendly community.
Residence of Block 14-38 Northville 8. It is a big help for them to protect their place where they lived from harm and other health threats and this is the one of the expected benefit from this study.
Future Researchers. To the next researchers, this study will benefit and help them as their guide. They could also develop or conduct other related studies.

Scope and Delimitation
The research study focused on the Effects of Household Segregation in Generating Raw Materials in Eco-Brick Production in Northville 8 Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan.
The process of the study involved identifying most generated waste of the community in Northville 8 Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan and the important is the participation of the residence and LGU in this intervention.
Covered by this study were 24 blocks that is part of the Northville 8, Barangay Santor Site. Also, the participation of the Local Government of Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos especially the Barangay Captain and the SWM Committee officers are included to this study by conducting an interview.

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