DEFINITIONS OF KEY CONCEPTS USED IN THIS STUDY Academic staff

DEFINITIONS OF KEY CONCEPTS USED IN THIS STUDY

Academic staff: Staff appointed at a university primarily for teaching and research (University of Namibia, Statutes and Regulations of 2013 and Namibia University of Science and Technology Statutes, Rules and Regulations, 2016).

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Council: The governance and executive of the University of Namibia vested in the Council (University of Namibia, Act of 1992). The governance and general control and executive power of NUST and all affairs and functions, and the administration of its property vested in the Council (Namibia University of Science and Technology, Act of 2015).

Deans: Deans are academics who head a Faculty. The Vice Chancellor appoint deans for a period of four years and are eligible for reappointment (Namibia University of Science and Technology, Statutes and Regulations of 2016). The Vice Chancellor at UNAM appointed deans for a period of 4 years and are eligible for reappointment for only one subsequent consecutive term (University of Namibia, Statutes and Regulations, of 2013).

Executive Management: The executive management refers to the top management personnel who are responsible for the day-to-day running of these institutions of higher learning. For UNAM the executive management include the Vice Chancellor, three Pro Vice-Chancellor, the Bursar, the Registrar and the Chief Librarian (University of Namibia, Act of 1992). The executive management of NUST consists of the Vice Chancellor, the two Pro Vice-Chancellor and the Registrar (Namibia University of Science and Technology, Act of 2016).
Heads of Departments (HOD) refers to the academic lower management who is in charge of the academic departments at institutions of higher learning appointed by the Vice-Chancellor (Namibia University of Science and Technology, Statutes, Rules and Regulations of 2016). The Heads of Department at UNAM are appointed by the Vice Chancellor on the recommendations of a selection committee and are eligible for reappointment for only one more consecutive term (University of Namibia, Statutes and Regulations of 2013).

Vice-Chancellor: The Vice-Chancellor manages and directs the day-to-day academic, administrative, financial, personnel and other activities and does other things as prescribed in the statutes or as necessary to achieve the objectives of NUST. The term of office is five years at NUST and the person is eligible for re-appointment (Namibia University of Science and Technology Statutes, Rules and Regulations of 2016). At UNAM the Vice Chancellor is the chief academic and administrative officer. Term of appointment is six years and he/she is eligible for re-appointment (University of Namibia, Statutes and Regulations of 2013).

Pro/Deputy Vice-Chancellor: Councils make these appointments. UNAM has three Pro Vice-Chancellors. They head Finance and Administration, Academic Affairs and Innovation and Research (University of Namibia, Statutes and Regulations of 2013). The Council at NUST appoint one or more Pro-Vice-Chancellors to assist the Vice-Chancellor. NUST currently has two Deputy Vice-Chancellors who are in charge of the Administration and Finance, and Academic and Research Affairs, respectively (Namibia University of Science and Technology, Statutes, Rules and Regulations of 2016).

Public institutions of higher learning. Institutions of higher learning established by Acts of Parliament (University of Namibia Act of 1992 and the Namibia University of Science and Technology Act of 2015).

Student Representative Council. This is a body established by the students of the two universities. The SRC will have a seat and voting rights on the supreme board of the university, the council. The UNAM Act provides for two students to serve on the Council (University of Namibia, Statutes and Regulations of 2013 while the NUST Act (Namibia University of Science and Technology, Statutes, Rules and Regulations of 2016) provides for one member of the SRC to serve on the Council.

Statutes: This refers to rules and regulations framed by two Councils (according to the Namibia University of Science and Technology, Act of 2015 and the University of Namibia, Act of 1992).

Senate: The academic governance and quality assurance, organising and superintendence of teaching, including assessment and learning, community and engagement and research are vested in the Senate (Namibia University of Science and Technology, Statutes, Rules and Regulations of 2016. Whilst at UNAM the organisation and superintendence of instruction, examination, lecturers, classes, curricula and research are vested in the Senate (University of Namibia, Statutes and Regulations of 2013).

Stakeholders of the institutions of higher learning: The internal stakeholders are stakeholders inside an institution like management, shareholders, and staff. While the external stakeholders are stakeholders outside an institution for example society, government, competitors, media, etc.

Polytechnic of Namibia: The Polytechnic of Namibia Act was promulgated in 1994 and under this the Technicon of Namibia and COST were combined to become the Polytechnic of Namibia. This Act made provision for the gradual phasing out of vocational training courses and gave a mandate to PoN to offer degree programmes in the future.

The Namibia University of Science and Technology (NUST): NUST established by the Namibia University of Science and Technology Act of 2015.

University of Namibia (UNAM): The University of Namibia Act of 1992 established UNAM.