Field Curriculum Integrative Journal Assignment Template
Student Name: _Ruby M. DavisE-mail address:[email protected]
Journal # __8___Dates from Field being discussed in this journal include: _______________
Total Hours spent in Field this week: ______ Total Number of Hours to Date: _______________
Amount of Time Spent in Formal/Scheduled Supervision: 1
Name(s) of Those Providing Supervisory Input: Sarah Lee
Principle Supervisor Name: Sarah Lee Phone Number/Ext::585-288-1074__
E-mail address: [email protected]
1) Describe a situation from your Field Placement. Describe the client system and situation factually and objectively.
On Monday February 5, 2018, all the women resident were sitting in the living room talking amongst themselves. This undergraduate intern came in the front door observing the women sitting on the sofa and loveseat in their pajamas, with their hair still tied up in scarves. “Sensitivity to this non verbal material is useful for tuning in to this where the group and its member’s really are in relations to the materials being discussed” (Yanca, 2010). This undergraduate intern continued on to enter the house and went into office and asked staff why all the residents still here and not dress. Supervisor L said close the door and she went on to say the women have been put on “Back-to-Basics”(Jennifer House, 2017) or other words Lockdown. This means that the women have been put on consequences for consistent deviant (Per Kirst-Ashman “Appropriate behavior can be interpreted and learned, but so can deviant behavior”) and inappropriate behaviors. Inappropriate behavior can consist of but not limited to: “All residents of the house should develop the habit of using appropriate language, no profanity. This will help you to set good examples and engage in appropriate behaviors, Chores and cook teams are done on a rotating basis, Residents are not permitted to have a car or work whole at the Jennifer House”(Jennifer House, 2017). Supervisor L, over the past week have caught the women wondering in places they were not supposed to be, and getting rides. There was also other reasons: such as not extending helping hands to the new residents coming into the house, not cleaning up behind themselves, stealing, and inappropriate dress. Supervisor L, decided after talking with staff to go ahead and put the whole house on Lockdown for a day. Supervisor L hope by putting them on lock down it would give them time to think what is important and their goals they should be focusing on. The women were not allowed to get on the computer, watch television or movies, phone privileges was also stopped for the day. As the day went on the resident set around in the community going on the smoke porch having a cigarette and coming back in having a seat at dining room table on in the living room on the sofa.
2) How do you interpret (assess) these behaviors, facts, and observations? In your discussion, use theories and concepts (with citations) from Methods I, II & II, Research, Human Diversity, HBSE, Social and Economic Justice and/or Policy to explain the behaviors and the situation you have observed. These behaviors can be related to organizations and communities, as well as individuals, families or groups.
Reflecting back on Supervisor L, and the decision she made putting the resident on “back-to-basics”(Jennifer House, 2017), in the hopes to get the residents to focus on themselves and their recovery. According Kirst-Ashman “Behavioral theory (also known as behavior therapy) involves the practical application of learning theory principles to changing behaviors. Also, it is said that emotions, thought processes, and behavior have been learned: therefore, they can also be “unlearned” (Corey, 2012).
While observing the women on Lockdown some of the resident were upset the whole house was put on lockdown due to some who could not follow the rules. This undergraduate understood why Supervisor L reasoning for putting all the residents on lockdown. She is holding all of the residents to accountable for their actions. As an undergraduate intern I know the value of having a knowledgeable Supervisor who recognizes problems within the house and promptly address them.
3) Identify and analyze the interventions, knowledge, values, skills, and/or competencies used in this situation: How did you handle it or how it was handled by another worker or supervisor? Apply theories and concepts from your social work knowledge of interventions (skills), using citations. What alternative interventions could have been utilized? What social work theories or concepts provide the rationale for this alternative approach?
The intervention that was dealt with for this situation was with negative reinforcement. According Kirst-Ashman it “is the removal of a negative event or consequence that serves to increase the frequency of a particular behavior. Learning theory has three primary means of affecting people’s behavior within a group. A group of residents who know the rules decided to not take part in the routine of showing the new residents the house functionality. This resulted in Supervisor L, taking action on putting the residents on :Back-to-Basic. This caused the residents to lose the use of there phones as well as home visits, going back a phase, tv and room time (going to their room and taking a nap) instead they are to be supervised the entire day and may also be asked to write a paper on why they are back to basics. This is known as the cost in social exchange theory. Social exchange at most basic level is interpersonal interaction, which involves both rewards and cost” (Kirst-Ashman, 2014). Their social exchange with the new residents put them at a cost of not having freedom to do the things they like instead they were placed on lockdown.
The alternative situation could of been the residents could been dropped down a phase.The house implements 4 Phases. “Phase #1 consist of when the residents first come into house on a 30-day probationary period, you are assigned a big sister, who will assist you in becoming familiar with the house guidelines and schedule. It is more stricter, and consist of mandatory meetings, shopping, curfew and chores. Phase #2 will consist still close the to the phase 1 guidelines, but you earn more privileges, go out to group alone, more phone time
Phase#3 consist still close to phase #1 guidelines, but you earn additional privileges more phone time, home visits, get rides as long s you let case manager knowPhase #4 working on getting apartment and job or school”(Jennifer House, 2017).
According to Yanca ; Johnson “believe that support from fellow group members is the primary mechanism that a self-help members can benefit from”(Yanca, 2010). The new residents do need to become aware of what is permitted in the household and their peers can show them better than we can just tell them the resident’s in higher phases are considered to be more like a big sister to the new residents joining the community.
4) This section should address the affective (feeling) level. Describe your personal reactions to the above situation. These may be mixed. Discuss how these responses may have emerged from various sources such as your family experiences, worldview, values, religion, gender, etc.
I feel that the constructive punishment that was given to these residents by Supervisor L, was right due to them lacking in their superior phase position. This ties in with what we know as Cognitive-Behavioral Theory says “the fourth premise is that a wide range of approaches under the umbrella can be chosen and used to change behavior” (Kirst-Ashman, 2014), in other words Supervisor L choose an approach to put the residents under “back-to-basics”(Jennifer House, 2017), terms to change the behavior in the house as well as set forth for the new residents joining the household how things will be done if rules are not followed, I totally agree with this approach.
5) What have you learned from this situation? Link this experience to the Core Learning Competencies and the appropriate indicators.
This undergraduate linked Core Learning Competency #7: “Access individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities:(Council on Social Work Education, 2018) We as staff team, gathered information about our residents inappropriate actions and made a group decision to choose the appropriate intervention strategy of putting all the women on “Back-to-Basics”(Jennifer House, 2017). The decision was based on the women recent behaviors, and also assess behaviors that was going before the lockdown, and after the lockdown.
Another Competency that can be utilized is #9: “Evaluates practice with individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities” (CSWE, 2018). This undergraduate knows the importance to evaluate the outcome of the disciplinary action done to the residents. After the lockdown which only lasted one day, this undergraduate intern think intervention went well. The residents knowing what they did wrong and why it resulted into them being supervised for that day helped them to understand their importance in change. The residents also did not like being sent back a level of their phase that they already earned. Each phase is given a certain freedom and level of scrutiny. Even though this intervention did work for some a few days later there were a few residents that deviated from the rules again. During this particular event this undergraduate intern learned the importance of holding all residents accountable for their actions as well as how to take control of all situations within the agency.
CSWE. (2015, February 16). Councion Social Work Education. Retrieved from February 16,
Jennifer House. (2017, September 27). Spiritus Christi prison outreach. Retrieved from Spiritus
Christie prison outreach: http://spirituschristiprisonoutreach.org/
Johnson, L. & Yanca, S. (2010). Social Work Practice: a generalist approach
(10th Ed.) Boston, MA: Pearson Allyn & Bacon
Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2014). Human behavior in the macro social environment. Belmont CA: