Homer’s portrayal of Athena and Poseidon in The Odyssey is referenced in various mythological situations

Homer’s portrayal of Athena and Poseidon in The Odyssey is referenced in various mythological situations. I will discuss how Homer utilized the gods, their background and the relationship they have with mortals and their fate.
Poseidon, son of Chorus and Rhea, is a main Olympian god in The Odyssey. Over the years there have been many different interpretations of his name. Some believe it to mean “husband of the earth” or “lord of the waters”. Plato believed it translated to “knower of many things” however that is not very likely. Poseidon is the god of the sea, earthquakes, and storms. He is widely known for his bad temper and arrogant ways. As one of the twelve Olympians, Poseidon had several arguments with other gods like Athena and mortals like Odysseus. Athena also happens to be an Olympian goddess. She is the goddess of many things such as, courage and the arts. However, she is mainly associated with being the goddess of wisdom and war. Many Greek heroes like Achilles and Odysseus came to Athena for her wise advice. Unlike Poseidon, there is a much simpler origin for Athena’s name. The Greeks always debated whether she received her name from the well-known city of Athens or was it the other way around. Most modern intellectuals believed that the former was the case.
Ancient Greeks firmly believed in Greek mythology and although Greece is mainly Christian Orthodox today. Some still believe in the twelve gods of Mount Olympus, which include Poseidon and Athena.