Introduction to Mental Health
Psychiatry in the United States and in most countries around the world has received major attention lately due to the perceived past neglect by the healthcare research. Several years back, there was a widespread belief in the dearth of the knowledge on psychiatry of mental health illness in the United States of America, however, there has been an expansion in research on this field but there is still a lot of need for accurate data on epidemiology, outcomes, and treatments.
Without accurate and reliable data, the research is still being considered a literary work for information gathering due to the gaps left within the studies. In some parts of West Africa, the ethnographic research conducted showed over 400 people with mental illness visiting local shrines in search of religious intervention.
In the wake up to civilization in the West African nations, the training of local psychiatrists begun to help handle these cases. The move led to an increase in the publishing of psychiatric research works. The pace was however slow due to the lack of enough resources and required research expertise. A situation which has persisted until very recently. Most of these research works have been done by the few available clinical psychiatrists with occasional assistance by international researchers.
The recent impetus has however led to the establishment of several mental health programs around the world. The increased training of the required personnel, drafting of mental health bills, coupled with the new media attention has led to the renewed attention given to mental health illness. There has also been an increase in the number of publications on the topic from various disciplines including psychology, philosophy, and sociology.
The Epidemiological Information
The application of the epidemiological tools in the study has led to the developments of methodological methods coupled with diagnostic interviews and some degree of statistical methods to determine the rate of prevalence.
Several discussions in the topic have reached a conclusion that the field has attained maturity and that the coming generations in the field should be used for the understanding of how multiple risk factors are combined to arrive at multiple outcomes. According to (Sen, 2014), research has shown that most mental health problems are as a result of a combination of various factors both environmental and genetic.
The Biology of the Problem
Research has shown that there is a relationship between mental health and the overactive brain area known as the Bradman area 25. Schizophrenia has also been linked to certain specific genes whereas autism and PTSD have been linked to certain brain abnormalities. The decrease in serotonin concentration in the brain has also been linked to suicidal tendencies. The increase in activity of the ganglia brain region is also linked to OCD (Wu et al., 2017).
The Programs Aimed at Addressing the Problem
In the year 1998, the world health program initiated a program to reduce the burdens associated with mental health issues. In this program, the WHO developed a report with a comprehensive overview of the whole issue of mental health. The report was to help in the facilitation of the intervention measure and development of policies to help handle the mental health program.