It is generally believed today that democracy

It is generally believed today that democracy, “government of the people by the people and for the people,” is the best and only fully justifiable political system. The distinct features of democracy are freedom and equality but Plato would be objectionable to such system. He criticizes the direct and unchecked

democracy of his time precisely because of its leading features. Firstly, although freedom is for Plato a true value, democracy involves the danger of excessive freedom, of doing as one likes, which leads to anarchy. Secondly, equality, related to the belief that everyone has the right and equal capacity to rule, brings to politics all kinds of power-seeking individuals, motivated by personal gain rather than public good. Democracy is thus highly corruptible. It opens gates to demagogues, potential dictators, and can thus lead to tyranny. Plato’s main charge against the democracy he knows from the ancient Greek political practice is that it is unstable, leading from anarchy to tyranny, and that it lacks leaders with proper skill and morals although it may not be applicable to modern liberal democracies. Plato argues that politics needs expert rulers, and they cannot come to it merely by accident, but must be carefully selected and prepared in the course of extensive training. He does not see the best social and political order in a democratic republic because the quality of human life can be improved if people learn to be rational and understand that their real interests lie in harmonious cooperation with

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now