Social Cognitive Theory Analysis Assignment Instructions
For this assignment, you will view the video about “Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory” (F. Davidson, 2003). Complete this Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory Video Notes document. You must answer each question using complete sentences and following current APA format. For the final question, you will construct 1–2 solid paragraphs of at least 400 words in answer to the question. You must use at least 1 scholarly source in your paragraphs.
Note: This paragraph should be able to be included in your Final Paper. You must write complete sentences and follow current APA guidelines. You can cite direct quotes from the video as follows: (F. Davidson, 2003).
Those with high self-efficacy are more likely to approach obstacles as
“challenges to be mastered rather than threats to be avoided” (Bandura, 1997, p. 39).
Submit this assignment by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 3.
Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory Video Notes
Triadic Reciprocal Causation
Describe what triadic reciprocal causation is. Triadic reciprocal causation is described as the relationship between several factors, and their effect on an individual’s development. They include the social environment around the person and personal factors such as biological aspects and their cognitive skills. He believes that a person’s behavior can also have an effect on their environment that they’re in. However, these factors don’t affect a person at equal amounts. They alter upon different situations.
How is triadic reciprocal causation of social cognitive theory different than earlier behavioral learning theories? Triadic reciprocal causation stresses observational learning. That unlike many other theories, the learning takes place through time, different scenarios and the personal factors that then influence that scenario. This theory takes into consideration that each person will react and learn differently in each situation, rather than casting a generalized net. This theory is a more accurate and realistic way of observing social cognitive learning.
Modeling and Observational Learning
Name and describe the 4 processes of observational learning. Attention, where an individual observes their surrounds and what is going on. How much they pay attention is directly related to their personal feelings of the situation, whether it mental stimulates or arouses them. Retention is the process in which a person observes a situation and retain/remembers it so they can use that information later. Production is the person’s ability to perform the act itself. Whether they are physically and cognitively able to respond in the appropriate way. Lastly is motivation, which seems mostly self-explanatory. This is the driving force behind someone’s actions through the presence of punishment or positive reinforcement.
Describe 4 effects of viewing televised aggression according to Bandura. Bandura described that watching televised violence leads to change in attitudes (creating bullies etc), their emotional response to difficult or straining situations, and new styles of conduct, such as how people follow laws and defy authority. He also believed that televising violence could create an extremely violent reality that would then put everyone in danger.
Define self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is the confidence in your own ability to achieve intended results.
Name and describe the 4 major ways that one can develop a strong sense of self-efficacy as presented in the video by Bandura. There are many ways in order to improve your self-efficacy, first through accomplishing tasks successfully. It gives you the positive reinforcements through your emotions. You can also improve it through observing someone else’s actions. Watching the way someone handles a situation or how they react, basically through imitation. It can also be improved through “pep talks” essentially, through someone talking you into doing something, you then believe that you can complete the task. Finally, is your physiological state; how you feel about something is a large determining factor in your personal abilities, if something scares you or gives you anxiety, you would be less confident in yourself to complete the task.
How does self-efficacy differ from self-esteem? Self- esteem is essentially how you view and feel about yourself, it is more emotionally driven and lacks the physical aspect. Self-efficacy is how confident you feel in your ability to do something and experiencing things that help improve and advancing those feelings and abilities. It is more about accomplishment and learning rather than the pure emotions of self- esteem.
Name and describe 4 effects of efficacy beliefs. People that have high efficacy beliefs often have great benefits such as approaching a situation as a challenge rather than an obstacle. They set goals and work very hard to achieve them. Also, when they fail at something they don’t give up and are resilient in their efforts. They go in search of the right knowledge and continue to try until they are successful. When a person has low self-efficacy, it tends to have the opposite effects. When faced with a difficult situation they tend to give up and except defeat because they don’t believe they have the ability to complete it. They also have low commitment to completing the goals they have set forth for themselves. They tend to concentrate and focus in on how much they can’t rather than how much than can.
Share at least 2 verses/passages regarding being a good example and/or role model to others. Share the verse in quotes, followed by the citation. “Lord may my children see a marriage worth imitating when they look at our marriage” (Ephesians 5:1-5)
“She is clothed in strength and dignity, and she laughs without fear of the future” (Proverbs 31:25)
Share an example from Scripture of one who either exhibited a strong sense of self-efficacy or one who did not exhibit a strong sense of self-efficacy. Support your answer. “For by the grace given me I say to every one of you: Do not think of yourself more highly than you ought, but rather think of yourself with sober judgment, in accordance with the measure of faith God has given you” (Romans 12:3)
I believe this is telling us to not lose sight of what we are capable of. Be grateful of the abilities God as bestowed upon you and use it wisely without bosting or being arrogant.
Write 1 solid paragraph defining self-efficacy, describe the basic principles of social cognitive theory, and articulate how you can help to develop a stronger sense of self-efficacy in your students. You must include the importance of your role as an effective role model
I believe that as educators there are many ways that we can successfully increase our student’s self-efficacy. Like previous cognitive theories, it is extremely important for our students to experience and accomplish things in their own way in order to build their efficacy and their morals. There are ways though that we as educators can help ensure success rather than failure. By giving our students the knowledge, they need in order to complete these tasks, we will increase their confidence in the ability to go forth and try it. It is also important for us to talk with our students, to sit down and set short and long-term goals together, similar to HST. By helping our students complete their smaller short-term goals, we increase their efficacy to try and push harder to complete the long-term ones without giving up. Communication is key here. You must make sure you are talking and providing the emotionally support as well as setting a good example for them to imitate. The bible verses I quoted above provide good examples, like how we try to mirror our parents’ successful relationships, as well as how a positive attitude with the right drive and faith will take you wherever it is you want to go. In order to provide the appropriate imitation, we could pair the student with someone older who may have already completed a similar goal to help prepare them for the challenges that lie ahead.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York, NY: Freeman.
Davidson, F. (Producer). (2003). Bandura’s social cognitive theory. Davidson Films. Retrieved from http://search.alexanderstreet.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu/view/work/1780107Shunk, D. H. (2016). Learning theories: An educational perspective (7th ed). The University of North Carolina at Greensboro.