Chronic Disease and Health
Chronic diseases are long-lasting disease having persistent effects on health that can result from different health risk factors. It can range from mild conditions like dental decay, eye infection to life-threatening conditions like heart disease, diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. It can never be cured completely but can be managed. 35% of Australians may have one of the chronic diseases and 2/3rd death rates are contributed by chronic diseases (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2014). Also, 73% of deaths rate were reported due to chronic disease in 2013.
Primary Health Care is the entry level to the health system as it is the first encounter of a person with any health concern (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2016). It includes health promotion and prevention program to the management and treatment of acute and chronic health conditions. The services delivered are the general checkups with GPs, Community health services and Allied health practices. Also, services via communication such as telehealth and video consultation are delivered through primary health care.
Chronic diseases are becoming increasingly common and are a priority for action in the health sector. So, our presentation is about some of the chronic disease affecting Aboriginal Australians and how Primary Health Care approach can help to address them.