Modernism and the movements within this subject matter

Modernism and the movements within this subject matter, made a huge impact and drastically altered the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century throughout many aspects of the Art World. Modernism analyses the cultural and literary revolution and continues to make an underlining impact on the way Art and Artist express themselves. Although Modernism created a huge shift within the culture of Art and was characterized by a dramatic alteration of thought, creating a human understanding on improving the environment around them, focusing on “The Tradition of The New” (Harold Rosenburg, find quote). Modernism was generated upon the approach of Idealism and the diagnosis of society and human life, supposing truths and universal principles such as those articulated and conveyed through religion or science, could then be used to understand or explain reality. Continuing on from Modernism, it is clear that the Twentieth Century can be divided and studied through two distinctive periods in time; one progressed through the Modernist Movement which instigated in the 1890’s. Whereby influences aroused by improving aspects of life through the involvement of science and technology, which is made clear in the shift of Art in the late Nineteenth Century.
The second Period of time to follow on from Modernism began after the Second World War and was named Postmodernism, meaning ‘After the Modern’. There are clear indications that it was brought to light as a response to the Modernist Movement; partially expanding on from numerous ignored and disused strains within Modernism further, partially reacting against it. Although they transpired at close times in History, there are some foremost modifications between Modernism and Post-Modernism, underlining the change in the two approaches and responses concerning life and the cultural change and shift in periods.
Modernistic Art primarily focused on low forms of art, using sensible and valid means to gain knowledge. The Modernistic Art focused on elegance, simplicity and very rarely involved detailed artwork influencing Realism as this was rejected within the Art Movement. As Postmodernism began, it is clear that there was a massive alteration within the artwork produced and their subjects and topic matter. Postmodern art referred to philosophy in the twentieth century, and supported that an experience and understanding by an individual was more existing and solid than abstract ideologies and ethics. Postmodernists believed that progress was the only defiant way to justify the European domination on Culture; defying their views on hyper-reality, allowing the things propagated through media to influence them greatly. Postmodernism can also be a critical subject matter, enlightening the cultural differences in our World and bringing those concerns through History into Modernity, including those of the colonised, women and homosexuals. Due to the responses and behaviours created and reacted too by the Modernist Movement; mainly subjugated by white heterosexual men, the most common subjects addressed commencing the start of Postmodernism relates to Cultural Identity.
It is clear that Art History has undergone fundamental changes through these movements, immediately characterizing some of the major aspects of these changes, it is made clear that they are predominantly found through the creation of artwork in the last thirty years. One major aspect of these changes through Postmodernism consists of the visual representations of gender and sexual identity, expanding onto the political and social shifts in history, like gay/lesbian rights and feminism. Marxist and feminist art history was one of the first critical occurrences to significantly arise and develop over the past three decades, near the time of the social and political disturbances of 1968.