“Most folks are about as happy as they make up their minds to be.” – Abraham Lincoln
Positive thinking is looking at the brighter side of situations, making a person constructive & creative. Positive thinking is related with positive emotions and other constructs such as optimism, hope, joy and wellbeing. McGrath (2004) defined positive thinking as a generic term referring to an overall attitude that is reflected in thinking, behavior, feeling and speaking. Positive reasoning is a psychological demeanor that concedes into the brain; thoughts, words and pictures that are helpful for development, extension and achievement. Positive reasoning really implies moving toward life’s difficulties with an uplifting viewpoint. It doesn’t really mean maintaining a strategic distance from or overlooking the awful things; rather, it includes benefiting as much as possible from the conceivably terrible circumstances, endeavoring to see the best in other individuals, and review yourself and your capacities in a positive light. Positive thinking is a psychological mentality that concedes into the mind thoughts, words and pictures that are conductive to development, extension and achievement. A positive personality foresees bliss, satisfaction, well-being and a fruitful result of each circumstance and activity. Whatever the mind expects, it finds. Positive thinking is related with positive psychology. The phenomena of positive psychology have been found in Greek and Eastern philosophy, the Bible, historical accounts and linguistic origins of words which provide important information about human strengths. “You can think your way to failure and unhappiness, but you can also think your way to success and happiness. The world in which you live is not primarily determined by outward conditions and circumstances but by thoughts that habitually occupy your mind” (Peale). While on the other hand, Negative thinking is thoughts that imply criticism or devaluation of self. These thoughts dominate the perception of a depressed person. People who think negatively do not expect things to go as planned therefore anticipating bad outcomes. Their coping with daily stressors becomes dysfunctional and they develop psychological and physical health problems. Positive thinking is also known as optimism.
Positive thinking is a capable power, which assumes an imperative part in the development of life. The substance of such reasoning depends on the mental procedures, on account of which musings, words and pictures that advance inward improvement and achievement are shaped in the brain. All that occurs on an intuitive level is conceivable to control. This reasoning is aimed for accomplishment of a positive result. Positive thinking has number of positive outcome to an individual. According to the Mayo Clinic, positive thinking is linked to a wide range of health benefits including, longer life span, less stress, Lower rates of depression, Better stress management and coping skills, Increased physical well-being and overall Better psychological health. There are two broad benefits of thinking positively under a stressful situation. For one, positive thinking will enable the person cope better. The other is that positive thinking increases the likelihood of a good outcome. Optimism has been shown to relate to higher levels of self-reported vitality and mental health ( Achat, Kawachi, Spiro, Demolles, & Sparrow, 2000) and lower levels of depression . There is also evidence that positive thinking may provide a sense of control in certain situations and reduce the incidence of depression (Taylor, 1983).
Furthermore positive thinking is often highly correlated to success chances in life. Positive thinking helps a person find a way in a difficult task or a tough situation. Person starts feeling that something can be done to overcome the difficulties that are looming large at that moment. It is said that a serious person finds a way, while an idler finds an excuse. The difference between these two is that of attitude-of being hopeful or being without hope. A person who keeps hopes alive gives himself a chance to succeed, however difficult the task. He puts in earnest endeavors. He may get favors of luck, and help may come from unexpected quarters. On the other hand, a person who loses hope can never make a whole-hearted effort. His battle is half lost even before the start.
Additionally some researchers, including positive psychologist Martin Seligman, often frame positive thinking in terms of explanatory style. Explanatory style is how a person explains why events happened. People with an optimistic explanatory style tend to give themselves credit when good things happen, but typically blame outside forces for bad outcomes. They also tend to see negative events as temporary and atypical. On the other hand, individuals with a pessimistic explanatory style often blame themselves when bad things happen, but fail to give themselves adequate credit for successful outcomes. They also have a tendency to view negative events as expected and lasting. Constructive scholars are well-suited to utilize a hopeful informative style, yet the manner by which individuals attribute events can likewise change contingent on the correct circumstance. For instance, a man who is for the most part a positive scholar may utilize a more critical informative style in especially difficult circumstances, for example, at work or at school. Pessimism is ruinous as in it reduces certainty, harms one’s execution, and it influences the real framework, especially the psychological viewpoint. Hopefulness, then again, is everything that a negative personality isn’t. A positive individual develops and develops with high spirits, delighted environment, and a fruitful accomplishment of objectives. Optimism, on the other hand, is everything that a negative mind is not. A positive individual grows and matures with high spirits, blissful atmosphere, and a successful achievement of goals.
An important question that arises in this regard is: Is positive thinking an inherent characteristic of a person or can it be developed in one’s psyche? The opinions differ in answering this vital question. Some people believe that it can be inherited from parents, and cannot be developed. Others believe that like other qualities it can be developed with proper practice and guidance. Still some others hold the opinion that it is hereditary to some extent but can be acquired to some degree. There is also a section of people who believe that all depends on circumstances or luck. Some people are born lucky. They get success with minimum effort; others don’t get it even after greatest of endeavor. There are, thus, various theories and opinions based on one’s experience and knowledge.
Positive and negative reasoning are both infectious. Every one of us influences, somehow, the general population we meet. This happens intuitively and on a subliminal level, through considerations and sentiments transference, and through non-verbal communication. Individuals sense our emanation and are influenced by our thoughts, and the other way around. People are more disposed to help us if we are positive,, and they hate and stay away from anybody broadcasting cynicism. Negative thoughts, words and state of mind raise negative and despondent temperaments and activities. At the point when the psyche is negative, harms are discharged into the blood, which cause more misery and antagonism. This is the way to failure, dissatisfaction and disillusionment.