Objectives of the study
The research is centred on measles and the outbreak response by public health agencies. The study also focused on the success of Measles Mumps Rubellan (MMR) vaccine coverage in evicting measles. This is one of the strategies implemented by the US measles elimination program to eliminate the deadly disease. The study measured the effectiveness of administering the vaccine (Measles Mumps Rubella) in response to the outbreak of measles (Gastañaduy et. al, 2018). This was done through immunization by having individuals with measles cases selected through convenience sampling and data obtained through review of vaccination cards. The study findings affirmed that the vaccine was useful in containment of the outbreak scaling down the spread of measles.
Summary of the Study Design and Findings
The study findings shows that Ohio was largely affected by the outbreak of measles. A total of 383 confirmed measles cases were reported over 121 days. Following this report, institution of containment efforts was done by the local departments. This involved immunization of unvaccinated individuals with MMR vaccine. The findings suggest that vaccination campaign alone could not have been accounted for the phase down of measles transmissibility. This is because of roles played by other effective factors implemented, which included reducing the number of susceptible contacts made by individuals which falls under the 45 % coverage attributed to community behavioural and engagement changes (World Health Organization, 2015). During the first days of the outbreak, before control measures were initiated, study findings show that approximation of 14 % measles cases would have raised failure to introduction of control measures. There was a fewer outbreak days attributed to vaccination efforts.
An Opinion On How the “Average” Reader Will Respond To The Article. If The Article Influence Decision Making Or Thinking and If the Article Leaves Out Any Important Information
In my opinion, the average reader will be able to appreciate the contents of this article by learning about measles as a disease known to be highly contagious and ways of evicting it using MMR vaccine. The reader will be able to acknowledge the benefits of health responses by public health agencies to measles outbreak and its prevention, while understanding the behaviour change dynamics that can help scale down the spread of measles.
It is fortunate that the article explains the impact of public health responses in reducing the time and size of measles outbreak, hence; mitigating measles transmission. This will provide the reader with knowledge on how to help avert a larger spread of measles in under immunized populations.
The study shows that in the absence of the behavioural changes or the vaccination, cases of affected individuals and deaths caused by the outbreak of measles could double. This makes it an evidence supporting the increase of measles outbreak in underdeveloped third world countries which face the challenge of low income (In Kaslow, In Stanberry, & In LeDuc, 2014). This explains the low evaluation of vaccination in these countries. The article has succeeded in explaining the ways of curbing measles using the MMR vaccine in Ohio, although it fails to give medical options available for the underdeveloped nations.
Objectives of the study