The Pre-Classical State in during the period time from 600 BCE to 600 CE was a time in history when the cities and countries grew from small communities into great cities with a ruling class. During this time of expansion, the Chinese under the Han Dynasty and Greeks in Athens created great civilizations. These countries grew into great capitals with trade, culture, literature, the development of government, and religion. Both of the Chinese and the Greek societies made great advancements in culture even though they did not share borders. Both the societies created a political hierarchy and both societies expanded trade. Yet, separated by thousands of miles and limited contact they shared aspects of change that were similar, but the people living in those societies were very different and had many different cultural and political differences.
One aspect between the society of the Greeks and the Chinese of the Han Dynasty were that made them similar is that during this time is that both societies were a patriarchal society and men were more powerful than women and that had an impact on the family life. Both societies set up very big trade routes not only in their own countries, but they established trade routes with other regions of the world. For example, the Chinese created the famous Silk Road and they brought over silk fabrics, spices, and animals. The Greeks used ships to trade and they traded horses, honey, glasses, rugs, gold, silver, olives, wine and grains. (https://www.ancient.eu/Silk_Road/ and World Civilizations:The Global Experience, Part 2 The Classical Period, “Big Changes” page 51). Also, both societies created the foundations for great civilizations of politics and philosophy. The Greeks created the foundation of democracy and the Chinese created a way to rule through bureaucratic system.
However, some of the differences that the Greeks of Athens and the Chinese in the Han Dynasty had were that their societies had a different view of how government should be run The Han Dynasty believed in Confucianism, which is a form of government that believes that everyone should do their part in society and emphasizes devotion to parents. The Greeks believed in a polis a small community who shared laws with centered around towns.