The transportation of Seoul has undergone changes more extreme than any other country in the world

The transportation of Seoul has undergone changes more extreme than any other country in the world. The urban transportation system after the 1950s experiences unprecedented and rapid change proportionate to the speed of economic growth. Urban transportation policies have changed throughout the years since then by approaching the status quo with the question, “should urban transportation be maintained as it is?”
More than half of the passengers use city buses every day. To improve public transport services, Seoul introduced BMS in 2004 to achieve these goals of improving the quality of their public transport services and encourage personal vehicle users to shit to public transportation. “To achieve this, Seoul introduced the Bus Information System in 2005 and has continued its management and development ever since. Seoul BMS has developed in the following ways: First, the focus was placed on trunk buses. Next, BMS terminals were installed gradually in all route buses. Then, the Bus Information System developed and subsequently, the bus arrival information service was provided to citizens in 2006. In 2013, ‘integrated terminals’ for both BIS and bus fare payment system were installed in all buses”(seoulsolution.kr). The information collection system processes GPS-based location information sent from bus terminals, and periodically transmits bus locations and arrival/departure at stops via the wireless communication network to the bus management center in real-time. The collected bus information is processed to calculated various data such as bus arrival times. Drivers receive information on intervals with preceding and subsequent buses. Information on bus arrival times and locations are also provided to users through the internet, bus information terminals, and cell phones. The reform introduced by the Seoul Metropolitan Government (SMG) has been accompanied by key policies and strategies through the BMS ET BIS, as shown in Figure 0-2 below ;