The working principle of electrospinning is to use electrostatic repulsion of charged polymer jets to generate arbitrarily oriented or united nanofibers on the surface of collector

The working principle of electrospinning is to use electrostatic repulsion of charged polymer jets to generate arbitrarily oriented or united nanofibers on the surface of collector. In general, electrospinning set up consist two electrodes, one is attached with polymer mixer and second one associated to a collector. An electrically charged polymer produce a Taylor cone at the end of the needle and is evicted at a definite charge. Nanofibers are produced after the evaporation of solvents while the mixer of polymer solution goes faster towards rotary collector or an auxiliary electrical field (Brandelli and Taylor, 2015). Electrospinning is widely accepted and superior method for production of nanofibers, owing to its ease, less cost, good elasticity, potential to large scale production, capability to produce nanofibers from a most of polymers (Esentürk et al., 2016; Wen et al., 2017). Furthermore, both hydrophobic and hydrophilic compounds such as protein and amino acids could be directly encapsulated on nanofibers by electrospinning technique (Wen et al., 2017). In addition, immense stability and high encapsulation efficiency of natural antimicrobial agents could be achieved by this method (Yang et al., 2017). Moreover, heat sensitive bioactive compounds could be efficiently immobilized in nanofibers during electrospinning method since it operates at ambient environment when compared to conventional methods like spray drying which operates at high temperature (Wen et al., 2017).