There are many different theories of human growth and development from different perspectives. It is exploring how individuals change as they grow from birth through child and adolescence into adulthood. Psychologists separate development into different specific areas of physical, cognitive and social or emotional development. Psychology also tries to explain every aspect of development for example, how children learn to respond to emotions, how they learn to make friends and most importantly how they learn to think.
The two theories I am going to talk about are: Piaget and Vygotsky
On the 9 August 1896 – 16 September 1980 Piaget’s theory was developed. Piaget’s theory suggests that “children pass through a number of different life stages and that they are fixed and named sensorimotor, preoperational thinking”, According to Piaget children go through different stages of development and explore the world through their senses. Maria Ferreiro Peteiro (2017 p.30).
“Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory is the work of Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky” (1896-1934) this shows us that not many people knew about Vygotsky’s’ theory until it was published to the west. Vygotsky’s was largely unknown to the west until published in 1962. Vygotsky also developed a term called “Zone of Proximal Development” his thought of this was for children who can’t complete the tasks by themselves. Maria Ferreiro Peteiro (2017 P.30)