Universal Welfare in Canada
0223456500 During the severe worldwide economic Depression in the 1930s, 30 percent of the labour force was unemployed, and the federal government was compelled to become involved in the massive problem of unemployment relief that was previously a local concern. Access to health care, always a problem for the poor, became a concern for the majority. In 1952, the federal government introduced old age security, a program of universal pensions paid to all qualified residents 70 years of age and over. The growth of government activity in the sphere of social policy became identified with the concept of the welfare state, with publicly financed programs for income maintenance, social welfare services and health care services. Three examples of major social insurance programs for income maintenance in place today are Employment Insurance, the Canadian Pension Plan, and workers’ compensation plan, etc. Universality began to change in 1989 when a special tax was introduced on Old Age Security and Family Allowance benefits. Benefits were income-tested and reduced as income increased and eliminated altogether when a cut-off point was reached. Universal welfare was important due to the fact that back in the age between the first and second world war, many citizens were unable to live a proper life. Since the number of employment rate was low, many people had no jobs to survive on. Many families couldn’t afford to have more children since they had a lack of income to buy food and shelter. Also, many factories made for the needs of the war were closed, which means everyone had to leave. Many people lost their lives since they had no money. In conclusion, the severe economic depression brought much sadness to Canada. But welfare services like these played a huge role in people’s lives.